Guidelines for calcium supplementation during pregnancy

Guidelines for Calcium Supplementation During Pregnancy

During pregnancy, pregnant women often lack calcium but do not know how to supplement it. The following is a guide to help pregnant women supplement calcium during pregnancy.

1. Why do pregnant women need calcium supplements?

In pregnant women, calcium plays an important role in the formation of bones and teeth and ensures the development of the fetus. During pregnancy, calcium requirements increase:

  • For the first 3 months, calcium needs fall to about 800mg / day
  • In the third trimester of pregnancy, the requirement is 1,000mg / day
  • In the last 3 months of pregnancy and breastfeeding, the amount of calcium needed increases to 1,500mg / day.

During pregnancy, although the mother’s body has partially broken down the calcium in the bones and released into the bloodstream to meet the increased demand, this response is often not enough. Pregnant women need more calcium than they can, and the need for calcium supplements for pregnant women increases as the pregnancy progresses. Without adequate calcium intake, the fetus cannot avoid the adverse effects on later development such as growth retardation, congenital rickets, wheezing, bone deformation, …

During lactation, without calcium supplements, breast milk will be of poor quality. Meanwhile, in 100ml of breast milk does not have enough 34mg of calcium. Babies who are deficient in calcium will exhibit symptoms such as being easily startled, convulsions, or fussing and restless sleep. These manifestations become more and more evident, usually after a few days, weeks, or even a month after birth.

Calcium supplementation for pregnant women is also important for the health of the pregnant woman. When calcium deficiency, pregnant women often numb legs, fatigue, insomnia. By the time breastfeeding, the mother’s body is weak, or sweating, easy to suffer from back pain, shoulder fatigue, and joint pain. The deficiency of calcium takes place after many births are a premise causing osteoporosis when the mother enters the age of menopause.